More research is needed to find effective ways to prevent age-related macular degeneration (AMD). However by using what we already know about the risk factors for AMD, you may be able to reduce your risk with these simple steps:
Don’t smoke. And if you do smoke, quit.
Enjoy foods such as:
- Colourful vegetables and fruits, such as carrots, corn, peppers, squash, tomatoes, sweet potatoes, cantaloupe, apricots, pomegranates, and berries*
- Dark green leafy vegetables, such as spinach and kale
- Fish such as salmon, tuna and mackerel, once or more a week
Avoid high-fat foods, particularly processed foods and bakery products.
Stay physically active
Wear UV-proof sunglasses when exposed to sunlight
Control your blood pressure and cholesterol. This will protect both your heart and your eyes.
See your eye doctor regularly. The Canadian Society of Optometrists recommends that even people who have no problems with their vision see an eye doctor every year after age 65, and at least every two years for adults younger than that. Those at risk or with vision problems may need to visit more frequently.
Consider making a donation to the Foundation Fighting Blindness to find more ways to prevent and treat AMD.
Updated: January 15, 2010. This section has been reviewed by Dr. Yves Sauve at the University of Alberta.
Learn more about AMD:
|Risk Factors for AMD||What is AMD?|
|Early Detection||AMD Treatment|
|AMD Research||Frequently Asked Questions|